Should there be an event that could totally wipe out the human race, there are actually two places that could be the safest havens for survival and eventually be able to repopulate Earth, is Australia and New Zealand.
Scientists believe through biotechnology there could be a genetically-engineered pandemic that would threaten the survival of the human race. Nick Wilson, at the University of Otago, on the New Zealand South Island, believes carriers of disease can easily find ways around land borders.
He also believes a closed, self-sufficient island could protect an isolated technologically adept population that would repopulate the Earth after a disaster.
Along with his colleague, Matt Boyd, they developed a scoring system to study island nations and whether they would be safe havens if a massive global pandemic were to take place. They looked at how accessible each island could be and what resources would be available for self-sufficiency.
They published their findings in the Risk Analysis Journal showing which islands could serve as a refuge for long-term human survival in the face of such a catastrophe or any other existential threats.
The Global Preparedness Monitoring Board, an independent organization, along with the World Health Organization and World Bank Group, warned that the world is not prepared for any large-scale disaster or outbreak from disease. So, a global pandemic could be a real risk.
The human being has always experienced diseases but the combination of global trends such as insecurity and extreme weather, have added to the risk of a pandemic threat.
According to the Global Preparedness Monitoring Board, disease outbreaks are on the rise and have been for decades. A dangerous occurrence of such magnitude is a very real threat of rapidly moving, lethal pandemic of respiratory pathogen killing millions of people, wiping out almost 5% of the world's economy.
Such a pandemic catastrophe would create worldwide havoc, instability, and insecurities which the world is not nearly prepared for. There have been pandemics in the past that have killed tens of millions of people.
For instance, the Bubonic plague, during the Middle Ages, killing over half the population of Europe. Approximately 100 years ago, the Spanish Flu infected 500 million people and the number of deaths was estimated at around 50 million.
The scary fact is that more than 4 billion people traveled on airlines in 2017. The number is so large, that disease could easily spread across the planet in record time. Even though researchers have shown that travel restrictions could slow down an outbreak, it would not prevent it.
Boyd and Wilson studied 20 island states with no land borders and with populations over 250,000. They used 9 resilience-relevant domains to analyze their suitability as a refuge.
They discovered that the best place is Australia due to its vast oversupply of food and energy. Australia produces 10 times the amount of food than its entire population needs to survive along with 482% of its energy requirements are produced domestically.
This is why Australia is considered the best choice. In turn, New Zealand runs a very close second and in order to remain alive and exist, you must include Japan and Malta.
In order of their ranking, here is a list of nations that could survive a global pandemic:
Trinidad and Tobago
In the meantime, the human race must address diseases that are in existence around the world. We must protect our rainforest which has been our biggest protector for keeping diseases at bay.
The destruction that has taken place, has seriously harmed this incredible guardian of the planet. It's up to all of us to ensure that others immediately stop their greed and stop destroying the rainforest in order to protect the human race for many years to come.